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The restorative alloy and mercury compound that has proven durability and
The restorative alloy and mercury compound that has proven durability and longevity is amalgam. It is used as a dental filling. Amalgam consists of silver, tin, copper, zinc, and mercury.
Indirect pulp capping is completed during two separate visits. How far apart are
2 - 3 months
5 - 6 months
6 - 8 months
1 - 2 months
Indirect pulp capping is completed during two separate visits that are 6 - 8 months apart. During the first visit, caries are excavated and treated with calcium hydroxide for temporary restoration. During the second visit, the restorative material and any residual caries are removed and the tooth is permanently restored.
A crown fracture with pulp exposure is called:
Uncomplicated crown fracture
Complicated crown fracture
Simple tooth fracture
A crown fracture with pulp exposure is called a complicated crown fracture. Treatment is indicated when the pulp is exposed but vital and the fracture involves enamel and dentin. For adult teeth, pulp capping, partial pulpotomy, or a root canal will be needed. For primary teeth, it will be necessary to protect the pulp to continue root development, Once the root is developed root canal and crown placement may be performed.
Which irrigating solution encourages calcification and inhibits resorption process?
Calcium hydroxide encourages calcification and inhibits resorption process. The primary function of this agent is its antibacterial and cauterizing activity. Because of its ability, the agent is used in pulp capping, apexogenesis, apexification, and partial pulpotomy.
Visual and tactical
Visual and tactical if aided by X-ray
Caries detection is visual and tactical. Caries are evident by opacifications, translucency changes seen with the aid of curing wand, enamel color changes, cavitations, and the feel of irregularities on the tooth's surface.
Sodium hypochlorite acts as a solvent on:
Sodium hypochlorite acts as a solvent on organic tissue. This irrigation solution is also a potent antimicrobial agent. It is used in concentrations from .05 to 5.25 percent. If the solution reaches beyond the apex, severe adverse symptoms and reactions may occur.
During endodontic treatments a vertical root fracture may occur. This is
During endodontic treatments a vertical root fracture may occur. This procedural complication is usually due to excessive instrumentation, unfavorable post length, canal widening of canal during post-space preparation, or excess force during root compaction.
A measurement of how much and how quickly a drug reaches the epidermis
A measurement of how much and how quickly a drug reaches the circulatory system
A measurement of how much and how quickly a drug builds-up in the liver
A measurement of how much drug stays in the bloodstream after 30 days
Bioavailability is a measurement of how much and how quickly a drug reaches the circulatory system. Bioavailability is influenced by administration route, gastrointestinal absorption mechanisms, solubility, and drug chemistry.
There are three locations of concern in regards to the apical foramina. What are
Anatomic apex, apical foramen, and apical constriction
Anatomic apex, anatomic defect, and apical constriction
Anatomic defect, apical restriction, and apical pointer
Anatomic apical, apical pointer, and apical restriction
The three locations of concern in regards to the apical foramina are anatomic apex, apical foramen, and apical constriction. The anatomic apex is the most apical end of the root. The apical foramen is typically .5mm below the anatomic apex. Apical constriction is in the dentin-cementum junction and the natural stopping point during a root canal.
Apexification is a method to create a/an:
Apexification is a method to create an apical barrier in a tooth that is necrotic and has an open apex. There are two methods of apexification: induce a calcified apical barrier that takes 3-6 months to form, or place an artificial barrier prior to obturation. Artificial barriers are best for patients where there is a question of treatment dedication.